Sociodemographic characteristics associated with binge drinking among Brazilians

Sociodemographic characteristics associated with binge drinking among Brazilians

Author Castro, Daniel Socrates Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Sanchez, Zila M. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Zaleski, Marcos Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Palhares Alves, Hamer Nastasy Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Pinsky, Ilana Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Caetano, Raul Google Scholar
Laranjeira, Ronaldo Ramos Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract Background: Binge drinking (BD) is a harmful pattern of alcohol use. This study describes this pattern of drinking and the sociodemographic variables associated with it in a representative sample of Brazilians.Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 3007 individuals using a multistage probabilistic sample was conducted in 143 Brazilian municipalities. the frequency of BD in the year preceding the study was assessed. BD was defined as the consumption of four drinks of alcohol within a two-hour period for women and five drinks in two hours for men. Weighted-ordered logit regression was used to assess the relationship between sociodemographic factors and BD.Results: Most respondents had not engaged in binge drinking (69.7%; 95% confidence interval (CI) 67.0-72.2%). Binge drinking was more common among participants who were male (odds ratio (OR) 2.9; 95% CI 2.3-3.6) or single (OR 1.5; 95% CI 1.1-2.1) or had higher family income (OR 2.3; 95% CI 1.3-3.8). Individuals between 18 and 44 years of age were four times more likely to engage in binge drinking than adolescents (OR 4.7; 95% CI 3.3-6.8). Evangelicals/Protestants were less likely to engage in binge drinking (OR 0.7; 95% CI 0.2-0.5).Conclusions: Our study, which is the first representative survey of BD in Brazil, showed that the age range of adults who engaged in BD is wider than the age range observed in other countries. These individuals are at increased risk for the adverse consequences of binge drinking, including addiction, car accidents, involvement in crime, absenteeism, and family violence. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords Binge drinking
Alcohol consumption
Cross-sectional survey
Brazil
Epidemiology
Language English
Sponsor SENAD (National Secretariat for Drug Policies) of the Brazilian Federal Government
SENAD
Date 2012-11-01
Published in Drug and Alcohol Dependence. Clare: Elsevier B.V., v. 126, n. 1-2, p. 272-276, 2012.
ISSN 0376-8716 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Elsevier B.V.
Extent 272-276
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2012.05.017
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000311708100040
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/35459

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