Anxiety and Fear-Avoidance in Musculoskeletal Pain

Anxiety and Fear-Avoidance in Musculoskeletal Pain

Author Lucchetti, Giancarlo Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Oliveira, Arao Belitardo Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Peres Mercante, Juliane Prieto Google Scholar
Prieto Peres, Mario Fernando Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
São Paulo Med Spiritist Assoc
Albert Einstein Hosp
Abstract Musculoskeletal pain (MP) is common in the general population and has been associated with anxiety in several ways: (a) muscle tension is included as a part of the diagnostic criteria for generalized anxiety disorder, (b) pain can be a common symptom and a good indicator of an anxiety disorder, (c) anxiety is an independent predictor of quality of life in patients with chronic MP, (d) anxiety leads to higher levels of pain chronification, and (e) fear, anxiety, and avoidance are related to MP. the objective of this article is to explore the mechanisms underlying the relation between anxiety disorders and musculoskeletal pain as well as its management. We have also highlighted the role of spirituality and religiosity in MP treatment. We found some similarities between proposed mechanisms and explicative models for both conditions as well as an overlapping between the treatments available. the recognition of this association is important for professionals who deal with chronic pain.
Keywords Anxiety
Language English
Date 2012-10-01
Published in Current Pain and Headache Reports. Philadelphia: Current Medicine Group, v. 16, n. 5, p. 399-406, 2012.
ISSN 1531-3433 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Current Medicine Group
Extent 399-406
Access rights Closed access
Type Review
Web of Science ID WOS:000308724200004

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