Serum titres of anti-glutamic acid decarboxylase-65 and anti-IA-2 autoantibodies are associated with different immunoregulatory milieu in newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes patients

Serum titres of anti-glutamic acid decarboxylase-65 and anti-IA-2 autoantibodies are associated with different immunoregulatory milieu in newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes patients

Author Gabbay, Monica Andrade Lima Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Sato, M. N. Google Scholar
Duarte, A. J. S. Google Scholar
Dib, Sergio Atala Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
São Paulo State Univ
Abstract Several studies correlated genetic background and pancreatic islet-cell autoantibody status (type and number) in type 1A diabetes mellitus (T1AD), but there are no data evaluating the relationship among these markers with serum cytokines, regulatory T cells and beta cell function. This characterization has a potential importance with regard to T1AD patients' stratification and follow-up in therapeutic prevention. in this study we showed that peripheral sera cytokines [interleukin (IL)-12, IL-6, II-1 beta, tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-a, IL-10] and chemokines (CXCL10, CXCL8, CXCL9, CCL2) measured were significantly higher in newly diagnosed T1AD patients when compared to healthy controls (P < 0.001). Among T1AD, we found a positive correlation between CXCL10 and CCL-2 (r = 0.80; P = 0.000), IL-8 and TNF-alpha (r = 0.60; P = 0.000); IL-8 and IL-12 (r = 0.57; P = 0.001) and TNF-alpha and IL-12 (r = 0.93; P = 0.000). Glutamic acid decarboxylase-65 (GAD-65) autoantibodies (GADA) were associated negatively with CXCL10 (r = -0.45; P = 0.011) and CCL2 (r = -0.65; P = 0.000), while IA-2A showed a negative correlation with IL-10 (r = -0.38; P = 0.027). Human leucocyte antigen (HLA) DR3, DR4 or DR3/DR4 and PTPN22 polymorphism did not show any association with pancreatic islet cell antibodies or cytokines studied. in summary, our results revealed that T1AD have a proinflammatory cytokine profile compared to healthy controls and that IA-2A sera titres seem to be associated with a more inflammatory peripheral cytokine/chemokine profile than GADA. A confirmation of these data in the pre-T1AD phase could help to explain the mechanistic of the well-known role of IA-2A as a more specific marker of beta-cell damage than GADA during the natural history of T1AD.
Keywords cytokine
pancreatic autoantibodies
regulatory T cells
type 1 diabetes
Language English
Sponsor Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)
Date 2012-04-01
Published in Clinical and Experimental Immunology. Malden: Wiley-Blackwell, v. 168, n. 1, p. 60-67, 2012.
ISSN 0009-9104 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell
Extent 60-67
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2249.2011.04538.x
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000300974800010
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/34728

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