Measuring the stigma of psychiatry and psychiatrists: development of a questionnaire

Measuring the stigma of psychiatry and psychiatrists: development of a questionnaire

Author Gaebel, Wolfgang Google Scholar
Zaeske, Harald Google Scholar
Cleveland, Helen-Rose Google Scholar
Zielasek, Juergen Google Scholar
Stuart, Heather Google Scholar
Arboleda-Florez, Julio Google Scholar
Akiyama, Tsuyoshi Google Scholar
Gureje, Oye Google Scholar
Jorge, Miguel R. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Kastrup, Marianne Google Scholar
Suzuki, Yuriko Google Scholar
Tasman, Allan Google Scholar
Sartorius, Norman Google Scholar
Institution Univ Dusseldorf
Queens Univ
NTT Med Ctr Tokyo
Univ Ibadan
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Psychiat Ctr Copenhagen
Natl Ctr Psychiat & Neurol
Univ Louisville
Assoc Improvement Mental Hlth Programs
Abstract The stigma of mental illness is a severe burden for people suffering from mental illness both in private and public life, also affecting their relatives, their close social network, and the mental health care system in terms of disciplines, providers, and institutions. Interventions against the stigma of mental illness employ complementary strategies (e.g., protest, education, and contact) and address different target groups (e.g., school children and teachers, journalists, stakeholders). Within this framework, the World Psychiatric Association has adopted an Action Plan with the goal to improve the image of psychiatry and to reduce potential stigmatizing attitudes toward psychiatry and psychiatrists. To evaluate such interventions, a questionnaire has been developed that assesses opinions and attitudes toward psychiatrists and psychiatry in different samples of medical specialists (psychiatrists and general practitioners). the questionnaire comprises scales about perceived stigma in terms of the perception of societal stereotypes, self-stigma in terms of stereotype agreement, perceived stigma in terms of structural discriminations, discrimination experiences, stigma outcomes, and attitudes toward a second medical discipline. It is available in several languages (Arab, English, German, Japanese, Polish, and Spanish) and can easily be adapted for utilization in other medical specialties.
Keywords Discrimination
Career choice
Young psychiatrists
Language English
Sponsor World Psychiatric Association
Stiftung Seelische Gesundheit [German Mental Health Foundation]
Eli Lilly
German Association for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy (DGPPN)
Date 2011-11-01
Published in European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience. Heidelberg: Springer Heidelberg, v. 261, p. 119-123, 2011.
ISSN 0940-1334 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Springer
Extent 119-123
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000296522100003

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