Mortality rate among crack/cocaine-dependent patients: A 12-year prospective cohort study conducted in Brazil

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dc.contributor.author Dias, Andrea C. [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.author Araujo, Marcelo R. [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.author Dunn, John [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.author Sesso, Ricardo C. [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.author Castro, Viviane de [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.author Laranjeira, Ronaldo [UNIFESP]
dc.date.accessioned 2016-01-24T14:17:17Z
dc.date.available 2016-01-24T14:17:17Z
dc.date.issued 2011-10-01
dc.identifier http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsat.2011.03.008
dc.identifier.citation Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. Oxford: Pergamon-Elsevier B.V., v. 41, n. 3, p. 273-278, 2011.
dc.identifier.issn 0740-5472
dc.identifier.uri http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/34111
dc.description.abstract Mortality is a significant outcome among Brazilian crack/cocaine-dependent patients yet not well understood and is under investigated. This study examined a range of mortality indicators within a cohort of 131 crack/cocaine-dependent patients admitted into treatment and meeting criteria for dependence of crack (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition). After 12 years of treatment discharge, 107 individuals were reassessed and 27 death cases were confirmed by official records, wherein in its majority were caused by homicide (n = 16). in this group, survival rate was 0.77 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.74-0.81) and previous history of IV cocaine use was' identified as a predictor of mortality (2.5, 95% CI = 1.08-5.79). High mortality rates among Brazilian crack/cocaine-dependent patients, exposure to violence, and HIV/AIDS were topics discussed in this study. This research highlights the importance of ongoing programs to manage crack/cocaine use along with other treatment features within this population. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. en
dc.format.extent 273-278
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Elsevier B.V.
dc.relation.ispartof Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
dc.rights Acesso restrito
dc.subject Crack cocaine en
dc.subject Prospective cohort study en
dc.subject Mortality en
dc.subject Treatment en
dc.subject Survival analysis en
dc.title Mortality rate among crack/cocaine-dependent patients: A 12-year prospective cohort study conducted in Brazil en
dc.type Artigo
dc.rights.license http://www.elsevier.com/about/open-access/open-access-policies/article-posting-policy
dc.contributor.institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
dc.description.affiliation Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Dept Psychiat, INPAD Natl Inst Alcohol & Drug Policies, São Paulo, Brazil
dc.description.affiliation Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Dept Nephrol, São Paulo, Brazil
dc.description.affiliationUnifesp Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Dept Psychiat, INPAD Natl Inst Alcohol & Drug Policies, São Paulo, Brazil
dc.description.affiliationUnifesp Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Dept Nephrol, São Paulo, Brazil
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.jsat.2011.03.008
dc.description.source Web of Science
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000294982100008



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