Mortality rate among crack/cocaine-dependent patients: A 12-year prospective cohort study conducted in Brazil

Mortality rate among crack/cocaine-dependent patients: A 12-year prospective cohort study conducted in Brazil

Author Dias, Andrea C. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Araujo, Marcelo R. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Dunn, John Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Sesso, Ricardo C. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Castro, Viviane de Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Laranjeira, Ronaldo Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract Mortality is a significant outcome among Brazilian crack/cocaine-dependent patients yet not well understood and is under investigated. This study examined a range of mortality indicators within a cohort of 131 crack/cocaine-dependent patients admitted into treatment and meeting criteria for dependence of crack (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition). After 12 years of treatment discharge, 107 individuals were reassessed and 27 death cases were confirmed by official records, wherein in its majority were caused by homicide (n = 16). in this group, survival rate was 0.77 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.74-0.81) and previous history of IV cocaine use was' identified as a predictor of mortality (2.5, 95% CI = 1.08-5.79). High mortality rates among Brazilian crack/cocaine-dependent patients, exposure to violence, and HIV/AIDS were topics discussed in this study. This research highlights the importance of ongoing programs to manage crack/cocaine use along with other treatment features within this population. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Keywords Crack cocaine
Prospective cohort study
Mortality
Treatment
Survival analysis
Language English
Date 2011-10-01
Published in Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. Oxford: Pergamon-Elsevier B.V., v. 41, n. 3, p. 273-278, 2011.
ISSN 0740-5472 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Elsevier B.V.
Extent 273-278
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsat.2011.03.008
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000294982100008
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/34111

Show full item record




File

File Size Format View

There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Search


Browse

Statistics

My Account