Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHR) present deficits in prepulse inhibition of startle specifically reverted by clozapine

Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHR) present deficits in prepulse inhibition of startle specifically reverted by clozapine

Author Levin, Raquel Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Calzavara, Mariana Bendlin Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Santos, Camila Mauricio Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Medrano, Wladimir Agostini Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Niigaki, Suzy Tamie Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Abilio, Vanessa Costhek Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract Deficits in an operational measure of sensorimotor gating - the prepulse inhibition of startle (PPI) - are presented in psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Some previous studies showed that the spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) present PPI deficit. Although SHR is suggested as an animal model to study ADHD, we have suggested that the behavioral phenotype of this strain mimics some aspects of schizophrenia. the aim of this study was to characterize the PPI response in SHR. Pharmacological characterization consisted in the evaluation of the effects of the following drugs administered to adult Wistar rats (WR) and SHR previously to the PPI test: amphetamine (used for ADHD and also a psychotomimetic drug), haloperidol and clozapine (antipsychotic drugs), metoclopramide (dopamine antagonist without antipsychotic properties) and carbamazepine (mood stabilizer). Our results showed that SHR presented reduced PPI. This deficit was similar to that induced by amphetamine in WR. Only the atypical antipsychotic clozapine improved the PPI deficit observed in SHR. These findings reinforce the SHR strain as an animal model to study several aspects of schizophrenia, including the abnormalities in sensorimotor gating associated with this disease. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Keywords SHR
Schizophrenia
Prepulse inhibition of startle
Antipsychotics
Amphetamine
Language English
Date 2011-08-15
Published in Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry. Oxford: Pergamon-Elsevier B.V., v. 35, n. 7, p. 1748-1752, 2011.
ISSN 0278-5846 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Elsevier B.V.
Extent 1748-1752
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pnpbp.2011.06.003
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Review
Web of Science ID WOS:000294941800033
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/33956

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