IMPACT of SPIRITUALITY/RELIGIOSITY ON MORTALITY: COMPARISON WITH OTHER HEALTH INTERVENTIONS

IMPACT of SPIRITUALITY/RELIGIOSITY ON MORTALITY: COMPARISON WITH OTHER HEALTH INTERVENTIONS

Author Lucchetti, Giancarlo Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Lucchetti, Alessandra L. G. Google Scholar
Koenig, Harold G. Google Scholar
Institution São Paulo Med Spiritist Assoc
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Duke Univ
Abstract Scientists have been interested in the influence of religion on mortality for at least 130 years. Since this time. many debates have been held by researchers who believe or do not believe in this association. the objective of this study is to compare the impact of spirituality and religiosity (S/R) with other health interventions on mortality. the authors selected 25 well-known health interventions. Then, a search of online medical databases was performed. Meta-analyses between 1994 and 2009 involving mortality were chosen. the same was done for religiosity and spirituality. the combined hazard ratio was obtained directly by the systematic reviews and the mortality reductions by SIR and other health interventions were compared. Twenty-eight meta-analyses with mortality outcomes were selected (25 health interventions and three dealing with SIR). From these three meta-analyses, considering those with the most conservative results, persons with higher S/R had an 18% reduction in mortality. This result is stronger than 60.0% of the 25 systematic reviews analyzed (similar to consumption of fruits and vegetables for cardiovascular events and stronger than stain therapy). These results suggest that S/R plays a considerable role in mortality rate reductions, comparable to fruit and vegetable consumption and slat in therapy.
Keywords Religion and medicine
spirituality
mortality
health interventions
Language English
Sponsor NUPAME, the research group from the So Paulo Spiritist Medical Association in Brazil
Date 2011-07-01
Published in Explore-the Journal of Science and Healing. New York: Elsevier B.V., v. 7, n. 4, p. 234-238, 2011.
ISSN 1550-8307 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Elsevier B.V.
Extent 234-238
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.explore.2011.04.005
Access rights Closed access
Type Review
Web of Science ID WOS:000292803200010
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/33856

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