Dermatite micobacteriana atípica em gato: relato de caso

Dermatite micobacteriana atípica em gato: relato de caso

Alternative title Atypical mycobacterial dermatitis in cat: a case report
Author Larsson, Carlos Eduardo Google Scholar
Delayte, Ericka Homann Google Scholar
Balda, Ana Claudia Google Scholar
Michalany, Nilceo Schwery Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Pinheiro, Sonia Regina Google Scholar
Otsuka, Mary Google Scholar
Roxo, Eliana Google Scholar
Institution Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Instituto Biológico
Abstract A case of dermatitis caused by atypical mycobateria of Mycobacterium fortuitum peregrinum complex was observed for the first time in Brazil. A five-year-old female mixed breed cat had a dermatitis process which had started eight months before. Lesions were characterized by macules, nodules, erosions, ulcers and exsudative fistulas, with intensive pruritus and pain. It had failed to respond to clinical treatment and surgical excision. The diagnosis was based on history, physical and dermatologic examination and complementary tests (cytologic, bacterioscopic, bacterial culture, histopathological, hemathological, ultrasonographic, radiographic and electrocardiographic). The presence of mycobacteria of Mycobacterium fortuitum-peregrinum complex (group IV of Runyon) was observed and identified after histopathological evidence, bacterial culture and biochemical tests. After two months of systemic therapy with enrofloxacin (5mg/kg, orally/twice a day) and topic treatment with triclosan and rifamicin, rapid improvement of the clinical appearance of the lesions were observed with low incidence of side-effects.

Relata-se, pela primeira vez no Brasil, um caso de dermatite decorrente de infecção por micobactéria atípica do complexo Mycobacterium fortuitum-peregrinum, em espécie felina, sem raça definida, fêmea, com cinco anos de idade. Há oito meses, evoluía com lesões maculares equimóticas, nodulares, erosadas, ulceradas, acompanhadas de fístulas exsudativas, com intenso prurido e algia. Evidenciou-se a presença de micobactéria do complexo Mycobacterium fortuitum-peregrinum (grupo IV de Runyon ) identificada após evidenciação histopatológica, cultivo bacteriano e por testes bioquímicos. Após dois meses de terapia sistêmica com enrofloxacina (5mg/kg/Bid/VO) e tópica (triclosan e rifamicina) houve involução das lesões, com efeitos colaterais discretos.
Keywords cat
mycobacteriosis
Mycobacterium fortuitum-peregrinum
dermatitis
gato
micobacteriose
complexo Mycobacterium fortuitum-peregrinum
dermatite
Language Portuguese
Date 2006-12-01
Published in Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia. Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Escola de Veterinária, v. 58, n. 6, p. 1092-1098, 2006.
ISSN 0102-0935 (Sherpa/Romeo)
Publisher Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Escola de Veterinária
Extent 1092-1098
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-09352006000600018
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
SciELO ID S0102-09352006000600018 (statistics in SciELO)
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/3385

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