Lipid profile and cardiovascular risk factors among first-year Brazilian university students in São Paulo

Lipid profile and cardiovascular risk factors among first-year Brazilian university students in São Paulo

Alternative title Perfil lipídico y factores de riesgo cardiovascular en estudiantes universitarios brasileños de primer año de Sao Paulo
Author Zemdegs, Juliane Costa Silva Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Corsi, L. Barreto Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Castro, Lucíola Sant'Anna de Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Pimentel, Gustavo Duarte Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Hirai, Amélia Toyomi Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Sachs, Anita Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract Background/aims: the surveillance of cardiovascular risk factors has been recommended worldwide. the current study is aimed to estimate the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among first-year students from a public university in the city of São Paulo, Brazil.Methods: A cross-sectional study of 56 first-year students, of both genders, was performed. Information about demographic characteristics, family history of chronic diseases, smoking, and physical activity was obtained by means of a standardised questionnaire. Anthropometrical parameters (BMI, waist circumference, body fat percentage), metabolic parameters (glycaemia, serum lipid profile), and dietary data (total energy intake, percentage of total energy from macronutrients, cholesterol and dietary fiber) were assessed.Results: the risk of cardiovascular diseases was characterised by family history of cardiovascular diseases (44.6%), smoking (10.7%), physical inactivity (35.7%), borderline high total cholesterol and LDL-c levels (16.1% and 5.4, respectively), decreased HDL-c levels (8.9%), increased triglyceride levels (8.9%), and overweight and obesity (17.8% and 7.1%, respectively). the diet of the students was inadequate: it was high in fat and protein, and low in carbohydrate and dietary fibre.Conclusions: the prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular diseases in young adults draws attention to the need to adopt preventive plans in the university setting.
Keywords Cardiovascular risk factors
Body mass index
Waist circumference
Young adults
Language English
Sponsor Foundation of Administrative Development (Fundap, Brazil)
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
Date 2011-05-01
Published in Nutricion Hospitalaria. Madrid: Aula Medica Ediciones, v. 26, n. 3, p. 553-559, 2011.
ISSN 0212-1611 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Aula Medica Ediciones
Extent 553-559
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000290980400018

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