ASSESSMENT of the EFFECTIVENESS of A FUNCTIONAL SPLINT for OSTEOARTHRITIS of the TRAPEZIOMETACARPAL JOINT of the DOMINANT HAND: A RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED STUDY

ASSESSMENT of the EFFECTIVENESS of A FUNCTIONAL SPLINT for OSTEOARTHRITIS of the TRAPEZIOMETACARPAL JOINT of the DOMINANT HAND: A RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED STUDY

Author Carreira, Ana Claudia Gomes Google Scholar
Jones, Anamaria Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Natour, Jamil Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract Objective: To assess the effectiveness of a functional splint for trapeziometacarpal osteoarthritis.Methods: Forty patients with a diagnosis of painful trapeziometacarpal osteoarthritis of the dominant hand were randomized into 2 groups. the study group received the splint at baseline and used it during activities of daily living for 180 days and the control group used the splint only during the evaluations for the first 90 days and during activities of daily living for the following 90 days. Pain, strength, hand function and dexterity (with and without splint) were measured by a blinded assessor at baseline, 45, 90 and 180 days.Results: the groups were homogenous at baseline for all outcomes evaluated. Pain without the splint was significantly different between groups over time; the study group experienced a decrease in pain beginning with the first evaluation (45 days), whereas the control group achieved a lower pain score only at the end of the study, after having used the splint for 90 days. No significant differences between groups were found for the other parameters.Conclusion: Splint use during activities of daily living for patients with trapeziometacarpal osteoarthritis reduces pain, but does not alter function, grip strength, pinch strength or dexterity.
Keywords functional splint
trapeziometacarpal joint
osteoarthritis
pain
function
Language English
Sponsor Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
Date 2010-05-01
Published in Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine. Uppsala: Foundation Rehabilitation Information, v. 42, n. 5, p. 469-474, 2010.
ISSN 1650-1977 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Foundation Rehabilitation Information
Extent 469-474
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.2340/16501977-0542
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000278821500009
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/32496

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