Short- and Long-Term Efficacy of Combined Cabergoline and Octreotide Treatment in Controlling IGF-I Levels in Acromegaly

Short- and Long-Term Efficacy of Combined Cabergoline and Octreotide Treatment in Controlling IGF-I Levels in Acromegaly

Author Mattar, Priscilla Google Scholar
Alves Martins, Manoel Ricardo Google Scholar
Abucham, Julio Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract Objective: Nearly 40% of acromegalic patients fail to control GH/IGF-I levels with somatostatin analogues (SA). Dopaminergic agonists (DA) are even less effective, but combination therapy with SA and DA normalizes IGF-I levels in 33-56% of patients not controlled by octreotide alone in short-term studies. This study was designed to evaluate short-and long-term efficacy of cabergoline in controlling IGF-I levels in acromegalic patients receiving octreotide. Design: Open-label, single arm, prospective trial. Nineteen patients (14 females, 29-78 years of age) with high IGF-I on octreotide-LAR (30 mg/month IM) for >= 6 months were enrolled. Study I: Cabergoline (PO) was started at 1.0, increased to 2.0 and 3.5 mg/week, and withdrawn at 6-week intervals. IGF-I, GH, and PRL were measured at baseline and at 6-week intervals. Study II: Responder patients (IGF-I <= 1 ULN) resumed cabergoline at individual lowest effective doses and were evaluated at 6-month intervals for >= 12 months. Study III: Responders were withdrawn from octreotide and hormonally evaluated at 3-month intervals. Methods: Serum IGF-I (IRMA), GH (ICMA) and PRL (ICMA) levels were determined by commercially available kits. Results: Addition of cabergoline to octreotide-LAR normalized IGF-I levels in 7 of 19 patients (37%) during both short-and long-term follow-up (12-27 months, mean: 18 months). Octreotide withdrawal increased IGF-I levels in only 2 of 6 responder patients. Normalization of IGF-I levels by cabergoline was strongly associated with IGF-I <= 2.2 ULNR and/or GH <= 4.0 ng/ml under octreotide treatment. Conclusion: Addition of cabergoline to octreotide was effective in both short-and long-term control of IGF-I in acromegaly, especially in patients with mild/moderately elevated GH/IGF-I levels during octreotide. Copyright (C) 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel
Keywords Acromegaly
Language English
Date 2010-01-01
Published in Neuroendocrinology. Basel: Karger, v. 92, n. 2, p. 120-127, 2010.
ISSN 0028-3835 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Karger
Extent 120-127
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000281230300004

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