A multidisciplinary program of preparation for childbirth and motherhood: maternal anxiety and perinatal outcomes

A multidisciplinary program of preparation for childbirth and motherhood: maternal anxiety and perinatal outcomes

Author Consonni, Elenice B. Google Scholar
Calderon, Iracema M. P. Google Scholar
Consonni, Marcos Google Scholar
De Conti, Marta H. S. Google Scholar
Prevedel, Tania T. S. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Rudge, Marilza V. C. Google Scholar
Institution Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Univ Sagrado Coracao
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract Background: To study maternal anxiety and perinatal outcomes in pregnant women submitted to a Multidisciplinary Program for Childbirth and Motherhood Preparation (MPCM).Methods: This is a not randomized controlled trial on 67 nulliparous pregnant women divided into two groups according to participation (MPCM Group; n = 38) or not (Control Group; n = 29) in MPCM. the program consisted of 10 meetings (between the 18th and the 38th gestational week) during which educational, physiotherapeutic and interaction activities were developed. Anxiety was quantified at the beginning and at the end of the gestational period by the Trace-State Anxiety Inventory (STAI).Results: Initial maternal anxiety was equivalent between the groups. At the end of the gestational period, it was observed that anxiety levels increased in the Control Group and were maintained in the MPCM Group. A higher occurrence of vaginal deliveries (83.8%) and hospital discharge of three-day-older newborns (81.6%) as a result of MPCM was also significant. Levels of state-anxiety at the end of pregnancy showed a negative correlation with vaginal delivery, gestational age, birth weight and Apgar index at the first minute and positive correlation with the hospital period remaining of the newborns.Conclusion: in the study conditions, MPCM was associated with lower levels of maternal anxiety, a larger number of vaginal deliveries and shorter hospitalization time of newborns. It was not related to adverse perinatal outcomes.
Language English
Sponsor Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)
Date 2010-01-01
Published in Reproductive Health. London: Biomed Central Ltd, v. 7, 6 p., 2010.
ISSN 1742-4755 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Biomed Central Ltd
Extent 6
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1742-4755-7-28
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000208607600010
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/32044

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