Physical exercise in epilepsy: What kind of stressor is it?

Physical exercise in epilepsy: What kind of stressor is it?

Author Arida, Ricardo M. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Scorza, Fulvio A. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Terra, Vera C. Google Scholar
Scorza, Carla A. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Almeida, Antonio-Carlos de Google Scholar
Cavalheiro, Esper A. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Univ Fed Sao Joao del Rei
Abstract Stress has been considered the most frequently self-reported precipitant of seizures in people with epilepsy. the literature documents that physical stress, that is, physical exercise, can have beneficial effects in people with epilepsy. in view of evidence indicating that sensitivity to stress is reduced after a physical exercise program, physical activity could be a potential candidate for stress reduction in people with epilepsy. This review considers how physical exercise could contribute to reduce seizure susceptibility and, hence, seizure frequency. Possible mechanisms by which exercise can be beneficial for people with epilepsy are highlighted. Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis adaptation, neurotransmitter system modulation, and metabolic and neuroendocrine changes may interfere with seizure susceptibility. the psychological stress of different sports activities is an important concern that must also be taken into account. Overall, among stress reduction therapies for the treatment of seizures, exercise might be a potential candidate. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Keywords Epilepsy
Physical exercise
Stress
Seizures
Language English
Sponsor Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)
INNT
ClnAPCe (Brazil)
Date 2009-11-01
Published in Epilepsy & Behavior. San Diego: Academic Press Inc Elsevier Science, v. 16, n. 3, p. 381-387, 2009.
ISSN 1525-5050 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Elsevier B.V.
Extent 381-387
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2009.08.023
Access rights Closed access
Type Review
Web of Science ID WOS:000271935800002
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/31932

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