RTOG CRITERIA TO EVALUATE ACUTE SKIN REACTION and ITS RISK FACTORS in PATIENTS WITH BREAST CANCER SUBMITTED TO RADIOTHERAPY

RTOG CRITERIA TO EVALUATE ACUTE SKIN REACTION and ITS RISK FACTORS in PATIENTS WITH BREAST CANCER SUBMITTED TO RADIOTHERAPY

Author Pires, Ana Maria Teixeira Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Segreto, Roberto Araujo Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Segreto, Helena Regina Comodo Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Hosp Alemao Oswaldo Cruz
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract Purpose: Evaluate and classify skin reactions through the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) criteria and characterize factors that can intervene in these reactions. Method: Prospective study, with 86 women submitted to adjuvant breast radiotherapy with a total dose of 5040cGy, in a 6 MeV Linear Accelerator. Personal data were collected and breast size was measured (distance between field separation and breast height). the treated skin area was evaluated weekly. Results: Breast height and treatment technique were significant factors in the univariate analysis for the incidence of degree 3 skin reactions. However, only breast height was a significant factor in the multivariate analysis for the severity of skin reactions. the chances of occurring degree 3 reactions increase 2.61 times for each increase in height unit (cm). These findings allow nurses to plan more adequate and individualized procedures for each patient and contribute to the optimization of treatment.
Keywords radiotherapy
oncologic nursing
radiodermatitis
breast neoplasms
Language English
Date 2008-09-01
Published in Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem. Ribeirao Preto: Univ São Paulo, Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirao Preto, v. 16, n. 5, p. 844-849, 2008.
ISSN 0104-1169 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Univ São Paulo, Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirao Preto
Extent 844-849
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-11692008000500008
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000260776400009
SciELO ID S0104-11692008000500008 (statistics in SciELO)
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/30870

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