Cardiorespiratory and metabolic changes during Yoga sessions: the effects of respiratory exercises and meditation practices

Cardiorespiratory and metabolic changes during Yoga sessions: the effects of respiratory exercises and meditation practices

Author Dias Danucalov, Marcello Arias Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Simoes, Roberto Serafim Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Kozasa, Elisa Harumi Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Leite, Jose Roberto Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Centro Univ Monte Serrat
Ctr Univ UNA
Ctr Univ Nove Julho UNINOVE
Abstract The novelty of this study was to investigate the changes in cardiorespiratory and metabolic intensity brought about by the practice of pranayamas (breathing exercises of yoga) and meditation during the same hatha-yoga session. the technique applied was the one advocated by the hatha-yoga system. Nine yoga instructors-five females and four males, mean age of 44 +/- 11, 6, were subjected to analysis of the gases expired during three distinct periods of 30 min: rest, respiratory exercises and meditative practice. A metabolic open circuit computerized system was applied (VO2000, MedGraphics-USA). the oxygen uptake (VO(2)) and the carbon dioxide output (VCO(2)) were statistically different (P <= 0.05) during meditation and pranayama practices when compared with rest. the heart rate also suffered relevant reductions when results at rest were compared with those during meditation. A smaller proportion of lipids was metabolized during meditation practice compared with rest. the results suggest that the meditation used in this study reduces the metabolic rate whereas the specific pranayama technique in this study increases it when compared with the rest state.
Keywords yoga
meditation
respiratory exercises
metabolism
Language English
Date 2008-06-01
Published in Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback. New York: Springer/plenum Publishers, v. 33, n. 2, p. 77-81, 2008.
ISSN 1090-0586 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Springer
Extent 77-81
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10484-008-9053-2
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000256926700002
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/30690

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