Anemia and nutritional status of children in day-care centers in Guaxupe

Anemia and nutritional status of children in day-care centers in Guaxupe

Author Camillo, Carlos Cesar Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Amancio, Olga Maria Silverio Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Vitalle, Maria Sylvia de Souza Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Braga, Josefina Aparecida Pellegrini Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Juliano, Yara Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
UNIFEG
Abstract OBJECTIVE, To evaluate the nutritional status and the prevalence of iron deficiency anemia in children attending public day care centers in the city of Guaxupe (MG), Brazil.METHODS. Children of both genders, from 6 to 72 months, registered in public day-care centers in the city of Guaxupe, were studied Nutritional evaluation was conducted using the Z-score for height-to-age and weight-to-height relationships. Hemoglobin dosage, serum iron, total iron binding capacity and the transferrin saturation index were used for diagnosis of anemia.RESULTS. Z score < - 2 was observed in 3.3% of the children for the height-to-age relationship and of 0.4% for the weight-to-height relationship. Prevalence of total iron deficiency anemia was of 16.1%. in the age span from 6 to 36 months it was of 44.6%. the entire e sample showed 45% with low serum 1 on, 37 9% with high total iron binding capacity and 43. 1 % with a low transferrin saturation Index.CONCLUSION. Malnutrition was not considered to be a problem due to its low prevalence; however, an important prevalence of iron deficiency was observed. Iron deficiency anemia is more prevalent in children between 6 and 36 months confirming that this age span is more vulnerable, No association between iron deficiency anemia and the Z score of the studied anthropometry relationships was found.
Keywords anemia
iron
child day-care centers
anthropometry
epidemiology
Language Portuguese
Date 2008-03-01
Published in Revista Da Associacao Medica Brasileira. São Paulo: Assoc Medica Brasileira, v. 54, n. 2, p. 154-159, 2008.
ISSN 0104-4230 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Assoc Medica Brasileira
Extent 154-159
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-42302008000200020
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000255920500020
SciELO ID S0104-42302008000200020 (statistics in SciELO)
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/30472

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