Fat and fiber consumption are associated with peripheral arterial disease in a cross-sectional study of a Japanese-Brazilian population

Fat and fiber consumption are associated with peripheral arterial disease in a cross-sectional study of a Japanese-Brazilian population

Author Gimeno, Suely Godoy Agostinho Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Hirai, Amelia Toyomi Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Harima, Helena Aiko Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Kikuchi, Mario Yasuo Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Simony, Rosana Farah Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Barros, Newton de Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Cardoso, Marly A. Google Scholar
Ferreira, Sandra Roberta Gouvea Google Scholar
Japanese Brazilian Diab Study Grp Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Abstract Background the Western diet plays a role for the epidemics of obesity and related diseases. This study examined a possible association between peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and the dietary components of Japanese immigrants living in Brazil.Methods and Results in this cross-sectional study, 1,267 subjects (aged 30 years) with complete dietary, clinical and laboratory data were studied according to a standardized protocol. Ankle-to-brachial index was used to identify subjects with PAD. the overall prevalence of PAD was 14.6%. Subjects with PAD were older, had lower education and higher mean values of blood pressure, triglycerides, and fasting and 2-h plasma glucose levels compared with those without the disease. Among the subjects with PAD, the consumption of fiber from whole grains (3.0 vs 3.4g, p=0.001) and linoleic acids (11.0 vs 11.7g, p=0.017) were lower and intake of total (72.8 vs 69.1 a, p=0.016) and saturated fatty acids (17.4 vs 16.3g, p=0.012) were higher than those without PAD. Results of multiple logistic regression analysis showed a significant association between PAD with high total fat intake, low intake of fiber from fruit and oleic acid, independently of other variables.Conclusions Despite limitations in examining the cause-effect relationship, the data support the notion that diet could be important in reducing the occurrence of PAD.
Keywords diet
fat consumption
fiber consumption
peripheral arterial disease
unsaturated fatty acid
Language English
Date 2008-01-01
Published in Circulation Journal. Kyoto: Japanese Circulation Soc, v. 72, n. 1, p. 44-50, 2008.
ISSN 1346-9843 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Japanese Circulation Soc
Extent 44-50
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1253/circj.72.44
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000251994600007
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/30245

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