The role of Tyr(605) and Ala(607) of thimet oligopeptidase and Tyr(606) and Gly(608) of neurolysin in substrate hydrolysis and inhibitor binding

The role of Tyr(605) and Ala(607) of thimet oligopeptidase and Tyr(606) and Gly(608) of neurolysin in substrate hydrolysis and inhibitor binding

Author Machado, Mauricio F. M. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Rioli, Vanessa Google Scholar
Dalio, Fernanda M. Google Scholar
Castro, Leandro M. Google Scholar
Juliano, Maria Aparecida Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Tersariol, Ivarne L. Google Scholar
Ferro, Emer S. Google Scholar
Juliano, Luiz Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Oliveira, Vitor Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Inst Butantan
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Univ Mogi das Cruzes
Abstract The physicochemical properties of TOP (thimet oligopeptidase) and NEL (neurolysin) and their hydrolytic activities towards the FRET (fluorescence resonance energy transfer) peptide series AbzGFSXFRQ-EDDnp [where Abz is o-aminobenzoyl; X = Ala, Ile, Leu, Phe, Tyr, Trp, Ser, Gln, Glu, His, Arg or Pro; and EDDnp is N-(2,4-dinitrophenyl)-ethylenediamine] were compared with those of site-mutated analogues. Mutations at Tyr(605) and Ala(607) in TOP and at Tyr(606) and Gly(608) in NEL did not affect the overall folding of the two peptidases, as indicated by their thermal stability, CD analysis and the pH-dependence of the intrinsic fluorescence of the protein. the kinetic parameters for the hydrolysis of substrates with systematic variations at position P-1 showed that Tyr(605) and Tyr(606) of TOP and NEL respectively, played a role in subsite S-1. Ala(607) of TOP and Gly(608) of NEL contributed to the flexibility of the loops formed by residues 600-612 (GHLAGGYDGQYYG; one-letter amino acid codes used) in NEL and 599-611 (GHLAGGYDAQYYG; one-letter amino acid codes used) in TOP contributing to the distinct substrate specificities, particularly with an isoleucine residue at P-1. TOP Y605A was inhibited less efficiently by JA-2 {N-[1-(R,S)-carboxy-3-phenylpropyl]Ala-Aib-Tyr-p-aminobenzoate}, which suggested that the aromatic ring of Ty,105 was an important anchor for its interaction with wild-type TOP. the hydroxy groups of Tyr 605 and Tyr.. did not contribute to the pH-activity profiles, since the pKs obtained in the assays of mutants TOP Y605F and NEL Y606F were similar to those of wild-type peptidases. However, the pH-k(cat)/K-m dependence curve of TOP Y605A differed from that of wild-type TOP and from TOP Y606F. These results provide insights into the residues involved in the substrate specificities of TOP and NEL and how they select cytosolic peptides for hydrolysis.
Keywords neurolysin
substrate and inhibitor specificity
site-directed mutagenesis
thimet oligopeptidase
Language English
Date 2007-06-01
Published in Biochemical Journal. London: Portland Press Ltd, v. 404, p. 279-288, 2007.
ISSN 0264-6021 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Portland Press Ltd
Extent 279-288
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000247014700012

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