IDDM and milk consumption - A case-control study in São Paulo, Brazil

IDDM and milk consumption - A case-control study in São Paulo, Brazil

Author Gimeno, SGA Google Scholar
deSouza, JMP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract OBJECTIVE - To test the hypothesis that breast-feeding is a protective factor against IDDM and that early exposure to cow's milk is a risk factor for the disease.RESEARCH DESIGN and METHODS - A case-control study was conducted in São Paulo, Brazil. A total of 346 diabetic children, aged <18 years, were identified in two institutions in the city of São Paulo. Duration of exclusive breast-feeding and age of introduction to cow's milk products in infant diet were compared with 346 sex-, age-, and neighborhood-matched control children. All comparisons between diabetic and control children were done using paired tests.RESULTS - Statistically significant differences were found for the duration of exclusive breast-feeding (P = 0.007) and for the age of introduction to cow's milk products (P = 0.047). Control children had a longer time of exclusive breast-feeding and had received cow's milk later in their diet than the case children.CONCLUSIONS - the results suggest that a shorter duration of exclusive breast-feeding is a risk factor for IDDM (odds ratio [OR] 2.13; 95% CI 1.28-3.55) and that the introduction to cow's milk products before age 8 days is a risk factor for the disease (OR 2.29; 95% CI 1.37-3.83).
Language English
Date 1997-08-01
Published in Diabetes Care. Alexandria: Amer Diabetes Assoc, v. 20, n. 8, p. 1256-1260, 1997.
ISSN 0149-5992 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Amer Diabetes Assoc
Extent 1256-1260
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.2337/diacare.20.8.1256
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:A1997XM22400008
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/25779

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